General Information


Slightly larger than North Dakota, Syria lies at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Lebanon and Israel on the west, Turkey on the north, Iraq on the east, and Jordan on the south. Because of Syria's location between the Mediterranean Sea and the Arabian Peninsula, the nation has major variations in its climate, ranging from the humid Mediterranean coastal region to the desert lands and mountain ranges, and the Euphrates Valley. The location of Syria has also been a factor in making Syria an important global nation, with its proximity to nations such as Israel and Iraq, which have held much prominence in world current events.



Continent: Asia

Region: Southwest Asia

Population: est.2014: 17,951,639

Currency: Syrian pound

Calling code: 00963

Area:185,180 km2 (71,500 sq mi)

Land: 99.4% Water: 0.6%

Highest Point: Mount Hermon 2814 m

Lowest point: near Sea fo Galilee – 200 m

Longest river: The Euphrates: 3569 km
Borders: A total of 2,253 km distributed as follows:
  • Iraq 605 km
  • Israel 76 km
  • Jordan 375 km
  • Lebanon 375 km
  • Turkey 822 km